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Hidden Order and Exotic Superconductivity in the Heavy-Fermion Compound URu2Si2

Hidden Order and Exotic Superconductivity in the Heavy-Fermion Compound URu2Si2

by Ryuji Okazaki
Hardback
Publication Date: 28/11/2013
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In this thesis, the author investigates hidden-order phase transition at T0 = 17.5 K in the heavy-fermion URu2Si2. The four-fold rotational symmetry breaking in the hidden order phase, which imposes a strong constraint on the theoretical model, is observed through the magnetic torque measurement. The translationally invariant phase with broken rotational symmetry is interpreted as meaning that the hidden-order phase is an electronic "nematic" phase. The observation of such nematicity in URu2Si2 indicates a ubiquitous nature among the strongly correlated electron systems.

The author also studies the superconducting state of URu2Si2 below Tc = 1.4 K, which coexists with the hidden-order phase. A peculiar vortex penetration in the superconducting state is found, which may be related to the rotational symmetry breaking in the hidden-order phase. The author also identifies a vortex lattice melting transition. This transport study provides essential clues to the underlying issue of quasiparticle dynamics as to whether a quasiparticle Bloch state is realized in the periodic vortex lattice.
ISBN:
9784431545910
9784431545910
Category:
Low temperature physics
Format:
Hardback
Publication Date:
28-11-2013
Language:
English
Publisher:
Springer Verlag, Japan
Country of origin:
Japan
Pages:
102
Dimensions (mm):
235x155x8mm
Weight:
0.35kg

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