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Paper Machines

Paper Machines

About Cards & Catalogs, 1548-1929

by Markus Krajewski
Hardback
Publication Date: 19/08/2011
  $75.80
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Why the card catalog-a "paper machine" with rearrangeable elements-can be regarded as a precursor of the computer.Today on almost every desk in every office sits a computer. Eighty years ago, desktops were equipped with a nonelectronic data processing machine- a card file. In Paper Machines, Markus Krajewski traces the evolution of this proto-computer of rearrangeable parts (file cards) that became ubiquitous in offices between the world wars.
The story begins with Konrad Gessner, a sixteenth-century Swiss polymath who described a new method of processing data- to cut up a sheet of handwritten notes into slips of paper, with one fact or topic per slip, and arrange as desired. In the late eighteenth century, the card catalog became the librarian's answer to the threat of information overload. Then, at the turn of the twentieth century, business adopted the technology of the card catalog as a bookkeeping tool. Krajewski explores this conceptual development and casts the card file as a "universal paper machine" that accomplishes the basic operations of Turing's universal discrete machine- storing, processing, and transferring data. In telling his story, Krajewski takes the reader on a number of illuminating detours, telling us, for example, that the card catalog and the numbered street address emerged at the same time in the same city (Vienna), and that Harvard University's home-grown cataloging system grew out of a librarian's laziness; and that Melvil Dewey (originator of the Dewey Decimal System) helped bring about the technology transfer of card files to business.
ISBN:
9780262015899
9780262015899
Category:
Bibliographic & subject control
Format:
Hardback
Publication Date:
19-08-2011
Language:
English
Publisher:
MIT Press Ltd
Country of origin:
United States
Pages:
224
Dimensions (mm):
229x152x16mm
Weight:
0.45kg

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