The distinctiveness and influence of Scotland's educational institutions have played a significant role in the construction of national identity. This book investigates the origins and evolution of the main institutions of Scottish education, bringing together a range of scholars, each an expert on his or her own period, and with interests including - but also ranging beyond - the history of education. From the medieval period to the modern, this book provides a broad picture of Scottish educational history, while also highlighting some areas of particular interest. It is an important reference work for historians and students of education within and beyond Scotland, and essential background reading for teachers and policy-makers. It is also a significant book for anyone interested in the development of modern Scotland, its culture and institutions.